How to make a backed stove with ceramic tiles with your own hands. Instruction
To clad the stove with tiles, you will need to prepare a considerable list necessary for the operation of the inventory:
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- Set of straight spatulas;
- Mounting grid;
- Metal corners;
- Tile cutter or corner grinder;
- Crosses and plates for fixing joints;
- Starting heat.Resistant plaster;
- A hammer;
- Construction mixer;
- Plumb line;
- Scissors for metal;
- Rosted and small rubber spatula.
Before covering the stove with tiles, it is necessary to prepare the necessary tools and materials:
- Measuring devices. Roulette, level, plumb.
- Chisel with a hammer, or shock drill.
- Corner grinder.
- Metal brush.
- Spatulas (ordinary medium sizes, gear and special for grouting seams).
- Titting cutter.
- Hammer (rubber and ordinary).
- Metal mesh with cells 50×50 mm.
- Wire with a thickness of 1 mm.
- Plastic crossings for seams.
- Nails and washers.
- Mounting glue for tiles.
- Antro.Resistant mixture for grouting seams.
How to cover a brick fireplace or stove with tiles
In order for the independent facing of the furnace to differ in strength and does not move away after the first furnaces, follow the existing masonry order:
- Wall preparation. The old layer of plaster is removed. The seams between the bricks are cleaned so that a notch appears, approximately 5-10 mm.
- Surfacing primer. To process old brickwork, use a primer mixture with the addition of fine marble crumbs. Such a solution provides good adhesion.
- Oven reinforcement during decoration. On a primed masonry, a metal mesh is pulled. The reinforcing layer is fixed with dowels to the brick.
- Plaster. The next stage of masonry, plastering surface. The plaster layer increases the strength of brickwork and evens out the surface. Lining with tiles of the wall with changes, deviations from the vertical, it is prohibited.
- Facing with finishing material. Tiles are laid on a layer of glue, with a thickness of not more than 1 cm. Some make an error, gluing the cladding by “five points”. The glue is not applied to the entire surface. As a result of such styling, voids are formed under the tile, which inevitably leads to exfoliation.
Laying ceramic tiles on a brick fireplace or furnace requires compliance with the main stages of work, the use of special solutions and compositions.
What solution is needed for laying tiles
As practice shows, it is better to use a ready.Made solution for laying tiles sold in construction stores. Various additives and plasticizers that provide good adhesion and compound strength are added to thermocles.The composition of the solution for laying ceramic tiles, often includes chamotis clay, lime. To facilitate the process of making glue, manufacturers, in addition to dry mixtures, produce completely ready to use composition. Before applying, the solution is simply mixed with a mixer with the addition of the amount of water indicated on the package.The glue used in laying the tiles is divided into several categories, depending on the maximum surface temperature: in order to properly cover the stove or fireplace with tiles, it is worth carefully studying the instructions for the operation of the adhesive composition. For each type of facing material, a special type of glue is available, there are also universal compositions suitable for different types of tiles.
Than to plaster the brick surface before laying tiles
Purrender the brick furnace before facing tiles, you can clay solution of independent preparation. For this purpose, clay of quarries located near reservoirs is suitable. For the manufacture of a plaster solution, the following is made: plaster brick for tiles is also performed by compositions prepared in factory conditions. A layer of solution from 1-3 cm. Repeated application of plaster after drying the first layer is allowed. The advantage of ready.Made compounds in the simplicity of cooking. To start work, mix the dry mixture carefully, adding the required amount of water. Clay mixture.Based solutions, after mixing, is insisted for an hour. Application of plaster is performed according to lighthouses, spatula or pitch bucket.Manufacturers producing dry mixtures for plastering stoves and fireplaces describe in detail the features of applying and working with plaster solutions. The packaging indicates the time of production, the required amount of water, as well as the period after which the solution will gain strength and it will be possible to start laying the tiles.
When you can heat the stove after laying tiles
Reviews of cladding show that quite often, after laying the tiles, make a gross error that affects further operation. Before the adhesive composition is finally dried, the stove is healed that he nullifies all the efforts of the master. As a rule, after that the tile is lagging behind the surface. At each stage in the execution of facial work, it is required to give time to dry out each layer. Experienced masters recommend withstanding the next time:
- Primer-after applying the layer, for complete drying, it will take 2-3 hours.
- Plaster. The time required for drying depends on the thickness of the layer and the composition used. On average, it is recommended to withstand 2 days before proceeding with further facing work.
- Tiles. After laying on the adhesive composition and before kindling, it is necessary to withstand at least 1 month. During this time, the solution will gain maximum strength. The entire time period, the room supports stable temperature and humid regime. The minimum permissible temperature is 5 ° C, maximum 25 ° C.
In many private houses there is a stove or fireplace that can be decorated with tiles, but not any tile will be suitable for these purposes. Facing the furnace with tiles puts a number of requirements for both the technology of facing work and the material.
Preparation for work
Before covering the stove with tiles with your own hands, you need to prepare its surface. For this, the master will need a spatula. It is necessary to completely remove the entire embarming and plaster from the walls of the heating device. Clean the seams between the bricks, deepening them by 0.5-1 cm, and carefully remove the dust. An ordinary plastic bottle with a hole in the lid can help in this process: dust is washed with a stream of water.
- Screws or nails with washers;
- T Rooted spatula;
- Rubber spatula;
- Clay tiles and glue;
- Crosses or other template for obtaining even seams;
- Rubber hammer;
- Tile cutter;
- Plumb and level;
- Ground for fireplaces and furnaces.
Both the old and recently built furnace must be shut up with a net with a net to ensure the strength of clay plaster. Fastening to self.Tapping screws, screwing them into the seams between bricks.
Leveling the surface and angles made before putting the tile on the furnace will greatly facilitate the installation of the coating. The plaster work requires a clay solution prepared according to the recipe described above. Before aligning the surface, the furnace is better to score so that its walls are warm (about 35 ° C). If you have to apply plaster more than 5 mm thick, it is better to perform this work in 2 stages, drying each layer at least 24 hours.
Preparation of walls
Before the stove’s stove directly begins in a private house, there is a stage of preparing the surface of the walls. Neglecting this seemingly insignificant stage cannot. It depends on the quality of preparation, how well the glue and the tile itself will be fixed and how long it will last.
First, the stove is cleaned of the old plaster layer. If this is not done, she may begin to exfoliate, if not starting, which means she begins to fall off and tiles. In a wet state, it is better removed, so it is previously sprayed from a spray gun several times with water.
And the layer itself is separated by a spatula. The field of complete getting rid of the old layer can be proceeded to the next stage. The surface is rejoice again. Go through it with a metal brush to remove all the remaining particles. The seams must be deepened. This can be done with a grinding machine, but only if you have extensive experience with the tool with the tool.
You can not calculate and make a recess too deep, and it should not exceed 8 mm in depth. A more time.Consuming, but sure way to do the work of a chisel.
If the oven is new, then you need to wait for a complete shrinkage before proceeding with the cladding. It will take about six months. After the seams are deepened, the surface is primed. The solution should be deeply penetrated. Do not spare the effort and time for this, the primer provides additional protection and improves adhesion.
If the base absorbs liquids well, then the primer needs to be applied twice and wait for the complete drying of each layer. This affects the clutch of the solution.
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The surface can absorb all the water from it that hello to subsequent cracking. The surface should be even, otherwise the tile will arise crookedly. You can check this parameter using a plumb line and level. If the differences are more than 1 cm, then they need to be eliminated without fail. First, beacons are installed on the clay solution. The mixture is applied with a layer of 1 cm, if the depth of the hollow is larger, then it will have to be applied to several layers, gradually.
Prepare the solution is simple: the clay is poured into the water and mixed to a homogeneous state. The finished mixture is applied with a cell and aligned with the rule. Metal corners are used to strengthen the corners.
After the entire wall is leveled, the reinforcing mesh is laid until the layer is still dry and is pressed into the solution. Then it takes time to dry the solution and after that the final layer is applied. After drying, the wall is again primed and left until completely dry.
What solution is needed for laying tiles
As practice shows, it is better to use a ready.Made solution for laying tiles sold in construction stores. Various additives and plasticizers that provide good adhesion and compound strength are added to thermocles.
The composition of the solution for laying ceramic tiles, often includes chamotis clay, lime. To facilitate the process of making glue, manufacturers, in addition to dry mixtures, produce completely ready to use composition. Before applying, the solution is simply mixed with a mixer with the addition of the amount of water indicated on the package.
The glue used in laying the tiles is divided into several categories, depending on the maximum surface temperature:
- For facing surfaces with a heating temperature of not more than 200 ° C.
- Compounds for decorating strongly heating structures, up to 600-800 ° C.
- Heat.Resistant masonry compounds for cladding of furnaces and open foci. Removable temperature up to 1200 ° C.
To properly cover the stove or fireplace with tiles, it is worth carefully studying the instructions for the operation of the adhesive composition. For each type of facing material, a special type of glue is available, there are also universal compositions suitable for different types of tiles.
How to prove the stove with ceramic tiles with your own hands
Today, brick furnaces are back to their own popularity again. Basically, this design is used in private houses. In order to increase the service life of the device, as well as give it an attractive appearance, the furnace can be lined with various materials. Most often, ceramic tiles are used for these purposes.
Types of tiles and its advantages
Facing the furnace with decorative material has a number of advantages. For example, this will allow to increase the heat transfer of the heating device several times. In addition, the attractive design of the furnace will give the room its unique highlight.
But before starting work, you need to choose the material that will have the following qualities:
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Having made the right choice, you can not worry that the material will lose its former color. Ceramic tiles with all the above qualities are quite simple to care and installation.
The following types of material intended for facing work are presented on sale:
- Clinker tiles for a furnace, which includes clay, shagot, various smelter and dyes;
- Porcelain stoneware with a monolithic structure;
- A majolica, which is a pressed tile covered with special glaze;
- Terracott is the same majolica, but without glaze.
Thermal conductivity and strength properties of the material are completely dependent on its thickness. The most popular is a square.Shaped tile, the sides of which are 12 cm.
For these purposes, you should not use a tile, because under the influence of high temperatures it tends to crack.
Methods of fixing tiles
So, let’s figure out how to properly perform a tile stove with your own hands. For this, a special glue is used, which is characterized by resistance to high temperatures.
As a rule, the composition of the domestic mixture for fixing the tiles includes clay refractory, various chamotis powder substances and high.Quality cement cement. Often, a perlite with low thermal conductivity is added to the solution.
On the packaging of glue, the temperature limit, which he can withstand, is usually indicated.
In most cases, this indicator is 1200 ° C, but for a regular furnace that is located in private houses, 300 ° C will be enough.
It is worth paying attention to the presence of plasticizers in the glue, which contribute to a more durable fixation. This solution is characterized by high elasticity, respectively, it will be able to fill out all the pores.
Such glue copes with such a phenomenon as deformation that occurs at various loads.
Based on all of the above, we can conclude that the facing of the furnace with your own hands has a service life that depends not only on the quality of the material itself, but also on the characteristics of a fixing solution.
The process of facing the furnace
In order to start facing work, it is worth preparing all the necessary tools and materials in advance, namely:
- Metal brush;
- Building level;
- Corner grinder with an abrasive circle;
- Plumb line;
- Cement, sand, water;
- A container that will be needed to knead the solution;
- Special spatula;
- Metal mesh 15×15 cm in size;
- A hammer;
- Nails and washers.
Preparation of the base
To start facing the stove with ceramic tiles, first of all, you need to take care of the evenness of the walls of the device. The metal brush is useful for this.
With its help, it is necessary to remove the old plaster and other similar coatings. The result should be a clean and flat surface.
After that, using a corner grinder, you need to grind the walls, which in the future should be covered several times with a primer.
You can continue work only after the unit has completely dried.
The next step is to mark the area for laying tiles. For these purposes, a special grid for plastering is often used. To fix it, the base needs to make several holes in which the dowel-gvo will be clogged. When fixing this grid, you should pay attention to the density of its tension.
Ceramic tiles for stoves cladding
Since the furnace can heat up to a very high temperature, the materials that finish it should have such operational characteristics as:
- High heat resistance.
- Low.Porous structure.
- High strength and resistance to mechanical influences.
- Thickness of at least 6 mm.
These listed properties correspond to modern types of ceramics: Mayolika, Terracotta, clinker tiles, porcelain tiles and tiles. They differ from each other only by laying and design. Choose it in accordance with the style of the interior and the purpose of the room.
Colorful and strong terracotta
This is an ancient type of ceramic, which is an unkinding product with a high.Porous structure from a specially designed clay variety, which is first pressed and then burned. Terracottus was used in Russia, Rome, Asia and Ancient Greece in the manufacture of decor elements, tiles, tiles and tiles for stove cladding. This material has high strength and red-brown terracotta color.
Majolica. This is glazed and improved terracotta. She received such a name thanks to the Spanish island of Major. From there, merchants brought dishes, decorative products and facing tiles painted with tin-sincer glaze. After, the art of painting ceramics came from the Mediterranean not only to Europe, but also to Russia.
Maj. To facing the stove with this kind of ceramic tiles was considered a great luxury and it could be allowed to be very wealthy homeowners.
This variety of ceramic tiles is more technological than facing brick, which was traditionally used by finishing stoves or fireplaces, in Germany, Holland and other countries of Northern Europe.
Clinker tiles are made by mixing several varieties of clay, adding mineral dyes and shaflower. Then pressed and burned at high temperature. Thus, the thermostat solid facing tile is obtained with a thickness of 9. 12 mm. It has a low.Porous structure and a variety of shades of natural clay. White, beige, bright-terracotta and chocolate-brown.
This type of ceramics was created in Italy in the 80s of the last century. When making porcelain tiles, several varieties of clay are mixed and quartz sand with marble and granite crumbs, salt and oxides of different metals as dyes are added, and pressed at high temperatures and pressure. Thanks to this manufacture, porcelain tile has a monolithic incorrect structure.
It is very persistent both to low and high temperatures, and has a wide range of colors, a diverse texture and texture. Therefore, this ceramics are widely used in the interior of buildings. When facing furnaces, porcelain tiles have the same heat engineering characteristics as other traditional types of tiles. But thanks to its diverse design, it imitates terracotta, marble, majolic, granite, clinker and other natural materials.
This is a unique ceramic tile that decorates a pattern covered with glaze. Initially, it was created for stoves cladding. Tiles used in ancient Babylon. This facing tile is also made from different special varieties of clay and burned. But it differs in shape, as it is done in the form of a box. This increases heat.Saving characteristics. The heat from the stove, which is transmitted by tiles, is considered the most environmentally friendly.
The choice of adhesive composition
Tile stove finish requires proper choice of glue. Most of the success depends on this. The wrong approach will lead to sad consequences. Namely, the tile will begin to fall off, because the applied solution that does not have heat resistance will not be able to withstand the temperature and collapse.
- Adhesive for continuous application. The main types of ceramic tiles are glued with this composition. This is done with your own hands in this way: a layer is applied to the surface, no more than one centimeter on which the material is already laid.
- Point application solution. It is also used in order to cover the source of heat with a decorative layer. But it is better to use it to finish adjacent surfaces.
When choosing glue for tiles, you need to take into account the temperature of the furnace heating
The adhesive for furnace should have. Heat resistance. This is a paramount condition.
This composition can be done with your own hands. The main thing is to follow the technology correctly. Take:
- Four parts of sand;
- Two parts of clay;
- Two parts of cement (M400-500);
- One part of liquid glass;
- You can add fiberglass.
Additionally, after kneading, 1 kg of salt is added for every 10 kg of solution. Used within one hour. Thus, it turns out excellent tile glue, which is easy to renew any surface.
Facing the furnace with ceramic tiles
How to clad a stove with tiles so that it does not fall off? It is important to observe all measures to prepare the basis. Only after their conduct can be proceeded directly to the cladding. If the work was not completed, the glue will not grasp properly and the tile will not get up smoothly.
Not only tiles for a furnace in a residential building should correspond, but also glue. The stove heats up to high temperatures, and in the firebox even reaches huge scales. Therefore, glue should withstand all these conditions. You can buy a ready.Made option or make yourself.One of the options for its own manufacture: PVA glue, salt and Portland cement. But before choosing an option with independent manufacture, think well. It is quite difficult to choose proportions and observe all stages of technology, but it is the strength of fixation that depends on the glue. Perhaps it is still better to waste the finished mixture.
Another difficult stage is the cutting of the material. The material is solid and durable and this part of the work does not seem simple. And cutting will need. First, train on unnecessary material and only then proceed to the facing.
The first row is the basis for everyone else, so it is it that you need to pay special attention. Therefore, no examples by eye. Take the cord and with the help of the construction level pull it on top of the level of the first row location.
The first row is coming from the corner. First elements on one side, then on the other and only then the tiles are laid between. Check the very first tile and if you need to adjust its position use the mallet. Check the first row with the building level. And already the rest, level on it.
The seams are left between the tiles. So that they are even needed special plastic crosses. For the convenience of work, they are purchased more and will not be drowned, but put across. It’s easier to get them. You can use and that it turns up, even pieces of tile itself, but the main thing is that all elements should be the same in thickness.Glue is applied with a gear spatula. It is applied to the tile and leveled. Press the tile to the wall with effort and insert crosses at once. The adjustment of the position of the tile is possible only immediately, because the glue begins to grasp after 10 minutes. Excess solution immediately remove. Keep a sponge or rag at hand, otherwise the solution will clog into the seams.
After all the tiles are laid, you need to wait for the complete drying of the adhesive solution. And then the turn of the grout. Take out all the crosses and start. You can apply a grout in three ways. It is less convenient to work with a rubber spatula. A more suitable option is a construction gun. Work with it quickly and easy. And you can make a home option from a plastic bag, a solution is added there and a corner is cut off.Excess solutions that fell on the tile must be removed immediately. Keep your sponge at hand, but dry. Try to avoid the seams themselves. The color of the grout can be chosen, but look so that it harmonizes with the overall interior and tile color.
Facing the stove with a tile with a dry method differs radically. This option is more durable, because the tile is not glued, but installed on the frame. She doesn’t care about the exposure to temperatures or the old plaster. In addition, the gap between the stove and tile allows it to cool longer, which saves heat consumption. The tile can be changed without the need for complete dismantling of the coating. Just get the material from the profile and insert a new.
This is convenient for those who often like to change the interior and save in case of damage to one element.
Metal frame. The basis of the structure. First, marking is applied with a cord and level. The lower guide is placed from below. Distance from the floor is equal to the width of the skirting boards. And then the upper fishing line is noted for the trimmer of the masonry ending. Then the surface is poured in the width of the tiles plus 2 mm. Aluminum corners and stripes are attached to anchors.
It turns out the frame, and then vertical guides are attached along the marking line. After the frame is ready to check it by driving the tile along all guides. She should walk freely, but not too much, without stumbling, but not to ride. Then all rows are filled with tiles. After filling, the vertical corner profile and corners are attached. They are fixed on screws.