How coffee makers and satellite are different

Drip, lacture, geyser or Turk? We figure out which coffee maker to choose

If you want coffee, but the coffee machine is not affordable or you do not want to go broke on capsules, then there is one thing left. Choose a coffee maker. And here it begins: drip, lacture, espresso, geyser, for Turkish coffee, with a cabbage, without a cabbage, with Panarello-who can figure out all this? Spoiler: We!

Coffee machines are created, first of all, in order to prepare espresso according to all the rules. And the rules. If briefly. Such:

Well, all other functions: preparation of milk foam, automatic preparation of drinks, adjusting the degree of fortress and the volume of coffee are additional, and their set depends on the model.

There are rarely coffee grinders in coffee makers, ground coffee must be dose manually, and not automatically, pressure (if any) often does not reach the right one, and not all of them are cooled by espresso.

What is the difference between a coffee maker and a coffee machine

The main distinguishing feature of the coffee machine is its autonomy. The drink is prepared in automatic mode, the machine is able to measure the amount of coffee (grain or ground), water, and grind grains on their own.

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The microprocessor that controls the coffee machine regulates the fortress and volume of the drink. Software settings allow you to choose coffee for every taste: latte, cappuccino, Americano, etc. The required volume and temperature can also be set in one touch.

Many coffee machines are equipped with the function of self.Cleaning and self.Diagnosis, which significantly extends the life of the device. Modern models provide remote control and individual settings: the machine remembers several favorite recipes.

Coffee makers include mechanical devices, the process of making coffee in which requires human participation. To cook the drink, it is necessary to measure the right amount of grains or powder, pour water, pour into cups. In coffee makers, the preparation of various types of drinks is not available, they usually produce one type of coffee. However, many users are satisfied with this option, because it gives scope for imagination. Often people are attracted by compact sizes and cost of coffee makers.

Driven coffee makers

The device, first created back in the 19th century, has not changed much on the basic principles and layout to this day. These are two vessels: one for heating water, the second. For a boiled drink. Water, heated, enters the tube to the filter with ground coffee and slowly, a drop dropped through the filter in the second vessel. This process is called percot: water, heated to 87-90 ° C and gradually leaking through coffee, slowly collects aromatic substances from ground grains.

The modern electric drip coffee maker is equipped with a vertical heating tube, along which the water rises along the case and dripes into the filter with coffee through the hole in the lid. The water container is usually located on the rear or side panel, in some cases the control unit is located on it. The coffee filter is located in the compartment above the flask for the finished drink. Modern devices are most often equipped with an anti.Casing system operating on the principle of a garden washbasin. If you remove the jug from the stand, coffee from the filter is stopped to be served. Thus, the user can pour a cup of the drink during the operation of the device.

The taste and strength depend on the speed of water passing through the filter and on the grade and grinding grains. For drip systems, a medium-sized coffee powder is suitable. Large grinding will make the drink unsaturated, small grinding can give coffee a bitter taste. Cooking options at best will be two: strong or soft coffee. This is possible if the model is equipped with the adjustment of the fortress of the drink. Coffee prepared in drip devices is often called “Americano” and under this name is served in institutions. In fact, of course, these are two different drinks from ground coffee beans. Drip coffee makers are usually chosen by people who like to drink a lot of weak coffee during the day.

Coffee makers of this type differ in technical characteristics and additional functions. In our comparative test of three drip coffee machines, we described the work of the simplest device and expensive functional devices. In the case of low.Price minimalism, even a jug for collecting a drink may not have a coffee maker, cups are used instead.

DELONGHI ICM 15250. A drip coffee maker with the adjustment of the fortress of the drink

Important nuances when choosing a drip coffee maker

As a rule, from 450 to 1300 watts. It is believed that power affects the fortress of the resulting drink. The higher this indicator, the faster the water seeps through the filter, respectively, the drink is less saturated and softer. As our practice shows, very low.Power models also make rather weak and non.Artistic coffee. The optimal power of the device is from 700 to 1000 watts. The average cooking speed of two cups of the drink is 2-3 minutes. There are models with adjustable power.

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Anti.Capel system

We have already described it above. There are almost all modern devices with a flask (coffee jug).

It is also provided in almost all models, starting from the average price range. The device after preparing the entire volume of the drink turns off on its own.

The heating disk is located under the flask and can maintain the temperature of the finished drink during the defined (or rigidly defined) time.

Makes it possible to set the time for the start of cooking in advance. The user can fill the container with water in the evening, fill in the coffee filter and set the time for which the drink must be prepared.

Regulation of the fortress of the drink

The function makes it possible to supply water to the filter slower, thus making coffee stronger and more saturated. The option can be called differently, for example, “aroma”.

Svet and sound notification of the user. Sound signals can report the beginning and end of the preparation process. Light indicators can notify that the device is working; About the mode of operation; that the device needs to be cleaned from scale. Most often, drip coffee makers are also equipped with a float indicator of water level.

Auxiliary systems and elements

There are coffee makers with built.In coffee grinders. This allows you to get a more fragrant drink from fresh grinding grains. This review describes a drip device with a built.In rotary coffee grinder and Bluetooth control. Various options for remote access to household appliances are now often found, but most models have manual control so far.

Coffee jugs are most often glass, with a plastic lid and a handle. There are models with a metal tank flask that supports the temperature of the drink. Such jugs usually have a sealed cover, it is more convenient to pour coffee from them, but in them, due to opaque material, it is difficult to assess the volume and strength of the drink. Termer jugs usually keep the temperature longer and better than a heating disk.

Coffee coffee beats are of different sizes, but as a rule. About 1 liter. The cheapest of the devices we tested, had the maximum volume of 250 ml prepared at a time, and did not have a coffee jug at all. The drink is directly into the substituted cups. Flask volume manufacturers usually indicate in the number of cups. For example, for Delonghi ICM 15250 coffee maker with a flask capacity of 1250 ml, the capacity is indicated as 10 large (15 small) cups. A large cup here means a standard 200-million cup, under a small-a cup of 150 ml. Sometimes risks are placed on the jug, by which the user can estimate the amount of coffee.

Can be plastic or metal. The metal case usually looks better and gives the impression of a better assembly, however, keep in mind that due to the higher thermal conductivity of the material, the metal case is significantly more heated during operation. In relation to the speed and quality of the preparation of the drink, a coffee maker with a plastic and metal housing do not differ from each other.

Can be reusable or disposable. Nylon filter requires manual mechanical cleaning for running water (the instructions are usually forbidden to place this part in a dishwasher). Disposable paper filters are convenient to use, but require constant costs and control of the quantity. Often, a reusable nylon filter and several disposables are supplied with the device. This is the most convenient equipment for those who usually use paper consumables. If you forgot or could not replenish the supply, a nylon filter is used.

And if more expensive?

Expensive drip coffee makers can provide a substantially increased range of capabilities. The most interesting and useful of them are the functions of the dosage of a portion of water and the presence of a built.In coffee grinder. It’s no secret that any coffee drink will be better if you take freshly ground grains for its preparation. And therefore, if you drink exclusively Americano, then the idea is quite logical to combine a coffee grinder and a coffee maker in one device and save a place on the kitchen table in this way.

It is especially pleasant that some models are equipped with real millstones that allow you to quite accurately configure the degree of grain grinding. Over, the price of such devices may be relatively low (commensurate with the price of a separate coffee grinder).

There are simpler knife coffee grinders, which, of course, affects the quality of the finished drink not for the better.

As for the adjustment of the volume of water, most of these devices will establish the water consumption “in cups” at the rate of 120-130 ml per cup.

The presence of such opportunities significantly improves the overall impression of the operation of the device: the finished coffee of the grains can be obtained by pressing the buttons, while the need to follow every time that the water in the tank is flooded exactly as much as you need.

Less “smart” models can offer the delayed launch function, thanks to which you can program the preparation of the drink by a certain time. It is clear that from other worries (grinding of coffee, bay of the right amount of water, etc. P.) this function does not free.

Capsular coffee makers. For lovers of finished solutions

They work very simply. Insert a capsule, pour water and after 30 seconds enjoy coffee. The choice of capsules is huge, there are even teas with additives. But it must be borne in mind that each new cup = new capsule. If you drink 2 cups of coffee per day, per month on capsules you will spend about 2 400.

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Cooking process

Using any coffee maker, you can cook cappuccino or latte. To do this, you need a separate device, the cappuccino. He will make a foam from milk or cream. It remains only to add it to the Americano. In more advanced models, you can prepare hot chocolate, cocoa and choose modes: hot, cold foaming, heating. Cost from 2,700.

Type of device

In some capsule coffee machines, unlike capsule coffee makers, there may be a cappuccino in the kit.

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coffee, makers, different

Capsules

Some brands of coffee makers are compatible only with certain capsules manufacturers. For example, Delonghi. With Nespresso, Bosch. With Tassimo. Before buying a coffee maker, see how much capsules cost and how often they are on sale.

Heating the cup

It will come in handy in the morning. Coffee will not cool down until you do exercises.

ROOK COVERENTER device

As it is easy to guess, the key difference of an an everective coffee maker and all other coffee makers, Turks and other coffee gadgets is the presence of a horn. Ground coffee is placed in a horn, pressed into a tablet, after which hot water spils through the coffee under pressure. So it turns out espresso. We’ll talk about horns a little later, but for now let’s deal with pressure.

Pump and pressure

The pressure in the coffee coffee maker is pumped out using a pump. It is enough to remember that the classic espresso requires a pressure of 8-9 bar. Many coffee makers even from the lower price segment promise pressure up to 15 bar or even more. However, in this case, no longer means better. Even if this is not a trick of marketers, this figure must be considered as “maximum possible pressure” or “pressure at the time of water exit from the pump”. By the time of water enters the horn, its pressure will still be reduced to 7-9 bar.

Immediately exclude from our review the free.Free (boiler) open coffee makers: devices that heat the water and serve it into the horn naturally, without increasing pressure. As a result, the strait occurs under a pressure of 2-3 bar, which is clearly not enough to prepare espresso.

The vast majority of coffee houses of the initial and medium.Level levels, as well as almost all household lacture coffee makers are equipped with vibration pomp, pumping pressure by fluctuations in a special piston (piston). The main disadvantage of such a pump is uneven pressure, which increases and decreases with the movement of the piston. A serious drawback is, however, you cannot name. The fact is that the normal vibration pump in most cases will be good enough for this class of coffee makers, and its effect on the quality of the finished drink will be incomparably little compared to other technological simplifications and compromises. Vibration pump can be found both in the cheapest coffee makers (from 5000) and in fairly expensive (150 thousand or more).

Standard pump used in coffee makers of various brands. Krups, Delonghi, Rowenta, Saeco, Electrolux, AEG, and T. D.

In professional (industrial) coffee makers, a rotary pump is more often used, equipped with an electric motor, which with a constant and unchanged speed is scrolling a water supply mechanism. The pressure as a result is stable, however, you have to pay for a high price and significantly large dimensions of the device.

True fans and coffee geeks can also recall the left.Handed coffee makers, the water pressure in which is regulated by hand, mechanically. Using a special lever. Pomp in this case, in fact, the one who prepares coffee works directly. You will not succeed in buying such a coffee maker in an ordinary store, so we will not focus on these devices. We will only say that the left.Handed coffee makers provide maximum control over the preparation of the drink, but at the same time they require the highest possible skill from the barista.

How water heats up?

The second important element of an aniletic coffee maker is a water heating device. After all, the temperature of the water is the second most important (after pressure) the parameter on which the quality of the espresso depends. The more stable and close to ideal the temperature will be, the better the drink will be. And vice versa. It is the inability of the coffee maker to give water the necessary and stable temperature that is most often the reason that espresso does not work out, despite all efforts.

For heating water, a flowing heat unit, a storage boiler of a small or large volume, or a boiler with a heat exchanger can be used. The primary.Class coffee makers are equipped with a running thermal block, or a small boiler (for home models, usually more than 100 ml). “advanced” models-a large boiler (from 200-400 ml) or a boiler with a heat exchanger.

Let’s list the pros and cons of each solution:

  • Thermal block does not require preliminary heating (allows you to supply hot water immediately and in any volume), but cannot provide a constant temperature. Changes are possible;
  • A small volume boiler is compact, it provides a small volume of water of the desired temperature, however, it will require a “warm.Up” after preparing even one portion of coffee;
  • A large volume boiler. Will provide a larger volume of water of the desired temperature, does not require additional water after preparing the first cup of coffee, but can spend more time on initial heating (when the coffee maker is turned on after prolonged non.Use);
  • The heat exchanger is a system of pipes for supplying water located inside the boiler chamber. Water heats up, passing on this coil. The temperature of the water is stable, but a lot of time will be spent on heating the boiler, and after the initial heating in the heat exchanger there will be overheated water, the temperature of which will be too high. It will just have to be drained in the pallet (to carry out the so.Called “idle strait”);
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In a separate category, we select two.Tower coffee makers: in such devices one boiler is used for steam, and the second for espresso.

Boiler with Ten coffee maker Delonghi 5/7/9

In most home coffee machines, you will find a small boiler. An increased volume boilers almost always mean that this model is at the very top among the primary class models (or it already comes out of it and belongs to the middle class).

Hob and horn

Coffee extraction occurs in the hob, which includes a filter and (usually) with additional elements designed to improve the quality of finished coffee.

In cheaper horns, the use of plastic is allowed. Expensive. Made exclusively from metal.

The key element in the hob that depends on the quality of the drink is the filter (he is a portafiltr, aka basket). The simplest constructively (and the most demanding barista skill) the filter implies that coffee will pour “as is”, without any additional manipulations. The filter in this case will look like an ordinary small mesh. Preparation of coffee with the help of such a “bottomless” filter will require a certain qualification (the ability to choose the right grinds, efficiently compact coffee, etc. P.). Without such skills, the drink will turn out, to put it mildly, not very.

Where they are made?

Original Bialetti is now produced both in Europe and Asia: there are factories in native Italy, Romania, Turkey, India and China.

As far as I know, the classic series Bialetti Moka Express (from 2150) is still going on Italian assembly, but painted (colored) “expresses” are already Romania. They also collect the Brikka and Fiammett series (from 2,000). And the most inexpensive of the original Bialetti Junior (from 1300) is China, like Bialetti Venus and Allegra. The Indians got a Kitty series (for shares it happens for 2500-2800), but Kitty is also done in China. The Turkish factory make accessories (for example, foams) and some electric models.

You can buy a geyser coffee maker, by the way, by no means in any household appliance store. I hope that my selection of current will help to navigate in Internet hypermarkets (updated automatically 3 times a day) at the end of the article.

How much you want to automate the process, how much effort and time to spend on cooking?

In this case, you have no choice. Grain automatic. Further. The choice among the machine guns. Go to the study of the basics/licbez on the choice of an automatic coffee machine (separate material on the way, but for now, at the end of the espresso/lungo, we study this, if the main milk is, and if you need only Americano, then this material).

  • I took the portafiltra, pressed the button on the coffee grinder. Coffee was poured. Pressed, inserted, pressed a button on a coffee maker. Optional: Pitcher (milkman) set up under a steam crane, waited, mixed with coffee. I drank. The portafiltr cleaned. “I like the process of playing the barista itself, and the brain wakes up from simple tasks!””

With this answer, you need to realize for yourself that you take the horn more for the entourage. Or to save. Even just getting a taste is noticeably better than on a grain machine. It is already not easy (but you can). In general, the taste will be approximately equal to the grain machine. But here there are the most budgetary horns of the primary grade. About the choice of an open coffee maker we study here.

And here you also have no choice. A good face coffee maker from a semi.Professional level and higher with a good millstone coffee grinder. The budget is at least 40 thousand accessories, but it is better to lay 50-60. This is if we are talking about new equipment, of course. The starting landmark is a “middle class” from my article about the choice of an open coffee maker. And keep in mind, a coffee grinder for you is more important than a coffee maker (of course, within reasonable limits). Without a light of at least such a minimum level and development of skills for the selection of grinding, the distribution of coffee in the basket, the correct pace you will not reach even the level of grain automatic and budgeted horns from the option of response b.

But if it seems to you that this one question is not enough with answers, and they do not completely cover your understanding of the process of choice between a face or automatic, then you can answer one more question then.

The coffee maker differs from the coffee machine with simpler functionality. It facilitates the work on making a drink, but cannot fully automate the process.

I chose a coffee machine in the office, eventually studied the differences and stopped on a coffee machine. Her functionality is clearly wider than that of a coffee maker, and the load limit is also higher. For constant use during the day it is suitable optimally, although at home such an unit would be superfluous.

Hesitated between the acquisition of coffee machines and coffee makers, carefully studied the differences. As a result, I bought a simpler device. Of course, in automatic mode, you can’t prepare a drink with it, but the price is much lower, it takes less space, and there are no unclaimed functions.

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