The nutritionist explained why it is harmful to eat dishes prepared for a week
Not all housewives have the opportunity to stand at the stove every day. Meanwhile, long.Playing soups and cutlets of week ago will clearly not go for the future. We tell you how to store cooked food so as not to harm your health.
The standard set of a traveled or tourist of past years usually consisted of smoked sausages, fried chicken, cucumbers, boiled eggs, melted cheese and salt in a matchbox. Old.Timers, going on a long road, wrapped all this food in parchment paper or a newspaper so that the products would not spoil longer. But modern travelers, especially supporters of healthy lifestyle, are meticulously related to the quality of food.
The dietitian Anna Melekhina in a conversation with Moscow 24 noted that food on the train, on the one hand, should be safe, on the other-useful. Over, safety in this case should be in the first place, so grandfather methods of transporting products are better to revise, she advised.
“Rospotrebnadzor recommends all the finished food to store in the refrigerator. But how to organize it on the train? I recommend taking a cold bag with you, you can put special ice briquettes in it in it. This storage method is suitable for a 12-hour road, ”the nutritionist explained.
In such a bag, the expert advises to store boiled potatoes traditional for the road and baked chicken, as well as cheese, cutlets and boiled corn. The specialist added that the fish has less storage periods, so it is better to do without it on the way.
Dairy products also quickly spoil. Therefore, if you really want to, then for the first hours of travel you can take cheesecakes and cottage cheese casserole, but it is also worth storing in a cooler bag, Melekhina emphasized.
Baking and loaf
For those who plan to travel for more than two days, ugly portioned pastries are suitable. Homemade pies with cabbage, rice, peas and potatoes can maintain food value for more than two days, and with meat fillings. Their shelf life is not more than 24 hours. Try cooking muffins with bacon and cheese. They can be frozen, then even in the heat they will easily move the day on the train.
From sweet pastries, it is better to opt for buns with raisins, cinnamon, dried apricots and on pies with fruit or poppy filling. To quickly make sandwiches, it is recommended to take a rifled loaf with you. There are many varieties from oatmeal, rye and wheat flour. There is also a loaf of a loaf, in the dough of which are added nuts, kuraga, raisins, sesame seeds, seeds. A small slice of such a loaf with butter and a cup of coffee or tea during breakfast will allow you to get enough and forget about the feeling of hunger for a long time. Bake a loaf with kuraga raisins and nuts for a trip can be at home.
Eat on time
When compiling a power schedule, take into account a simple rule: before it should be eaten that it spoils faster.
Thus, thermally processed meat products do not deteriorate for about 3-4 hours, so you can take cutlets on the road, baked chicken or turkey, bozenin, nuggets and mitballs. The rest of the house prepared at home must be eaten in the first 6-8 hours. Later this period, use vegetables, fruits and products with a long expiration date.
Another rule: the more complicated the recipe, the greater the likelihood that the product will deteriorate faster. Therefore, cooking is easier and without unnecessary ingredients.
Product storage devices
The first thing that comes to mind is to lower all the products into the cellar. It’s good if he is in a country house. And if it is not, and the bags are scored by sausage, oil and other perishable products?
Storage in the well
This is the so.Called “grandfather” method proven by generations. Products are packed in polyethylene bags and neatly folded into a bucket. The bucket falls into the well so that it is half in the water.
Storage in the well
No need to drown a bucket. And it’s good if it has a sealed cover on it. The well water is very cold, so the provision will remain fresh for a long time. The only negative: you can’t put a lot in the bucket. Only that which spoils the fastest. And starting in the well two or three buckets is problematic.
There is no well either? There are several more convenient devices that can be done yourself.
Adapted version of a stationary cellar. It is done in just a few hours without much effort. It will come to the rescue in the force majeure of the situation-when you need to come up with something in a short time to save products.
As you know, the earth freezes very deeply in the middle lane. It only thaws in May, while for another two or three months it will be cold inside. On this feature, the principle of operation of the mini-cellar is built. The best products will be stored in it since April (the Earth is thawing at that time, it is no longer constrained by ice) by the end of June (the Earth warms up, and the temperature in the storage will increase).
It is desirable to arrange a mini-chamber where the smallest of the sun. The place for the cellar should be dry and located away from compost, barn and restroom. If there is no suitable place in the shade, you can create a shadow yourself. For example, install the trellis, planting climbing plants along it.
The design itself is a large barrel (better. Plastic), dug up on the ground into the ground. Of course, the container should be sealed so that groundwater does not get inside.
Harvesting for mini cellars. Photo from the site I.Yitimg.Com
First of all, a hole is being prepared for a barrel. It is better to dig it with a margin of about 30 cm. At the bottom of the pit there is a “pillow” from the sand, on which the barrel is installed. The left thirty.Centimeter gaps are filled with sand. Thanks to such “tricks” the barrel will not suffer from freezing soil, will not be pushed to the surface in the spring.
Can’t do without a lid. It should be massive, tightly closing, you can even make it double. It will protect products from melt and groundwater and precipitation. On top of the lid is placed insulation in hermetic packaging (usually used sawdust stolen into a plastic bag so that moisture does not reach them).
For convenience, it is better to store products in a mini-chamber in swearing bags with long ropes sewn to them-it is easier to get them and remove them. In order to pull the desired bag the first time, and not to look at everything in turn, you can sew a label with the name of the contents to each bag.
Everything is comfortable, fast and simple. But…. Products may be needed not only to the one who bought them, but also uninvited guests. Rodents, ants, who, having learned the smell of food, will accurately move towards the cellar and try to climb inside. Therefore, each time you need to check whether the lid is tightly closed and there are no holes in it.
Like the cellar, the glacier used to be in every village house; In winter, blocks of ice were specially prompted for its arrangement. In fact, the same cellar is obtained, it only acts the other way around. Vegetables and blanks are stored in the cellar, so even in winter the minimum positive temperature remains in it in winter. The glacier keeps cold in the summer. The most adequate solution is to place the most ordinary plastic bottles filled with 9/10 with ice between the walls of the box and the product container
Gradually, with the advent of special devices for storing perishable products, the need to contain the glacier disappeared. But an adapted option appeared-a mini-vowel. It can be done in the country with your own hands and leave in case of unforeseen situations.
Of course, digging a two-meter pit is quite problematic, so the creation of a mini-vowel is based on a suitable box for a suitable box. Found a box. Now it needs to be well insulated. For this, double walls are made, between which a layer of insulation is laid (expanded clay and polystyrene foam are best suited). The inner surface of the mini-vowel is covered with a plastic film or special foil used in construction. A metal container is placed in the center of the box. It is necessary to arrange it in such a way that there is a place for ice or ice container.
Ice is the central element of the entire structure. Therefore, before building a mini-vowel, you need to evaluate your “ice stocks”. Most likely, no one holds such an amount of ice. And familiar cubes from beautiful molds will not work. The glacier “starts” into work from a large amount of lump ice. Where to get such blocks?
In the presence of remarkable physical strength and climatic conditions (winter), it can be pricked on any pond and brought home. But such heroism is also infrequent, and winter in the middle lane lasts only three months. In spring and summer, the ice will have to be mined in other ways. The most adequate solution is to place the most ordinary plastic bottles filled with 9/10 with ice between the walls of the box and the product container. Most likely, you will have to ask someone to bring them or capture themselves, knowing that there is a mini-vangel in the country, but there is no electricity. So, the bottles took their honorable place in the box. Then the ice begins to melt.
Menu planning rules
Will there be settlements with shops along the road to buy cereals, fresh milk or eggs, Bukhankaa;
Next, you need to calculate how many full.Fledged hot meals await the group. For example, it will be breakfast and dinner, and you will replace lunch with a nutritious dry ration (it will need to be calculated separately).
Keep in mind that an adult of medium complexion eats a portion of about 500 g, and should receive at least 3,000 kcal per day, if there is a trip in the highlands, then one and a half to two times more.
The resulting number of meals must be painted by dishes, that is, compose a menu, and already assume how much and what will be required.
Be sure to consider the so.Called inviolable supply: the amount of nutrients that will hold out in the event of an unforeseen situation for at least a couple of days.
Then you need to estimate the total amount of food in kilograms and divide by the number of group members. Count the load (tent, sleeping bag, equipment) to understand how much cargo can be handed to everyone.
On average, one tourist accounts for three to five kilograms of food. If you obviously do not hold into this gap, it means that an error is made in the calculations. It is worth applying for a consultation with an experienced campaign organizer.
Food options on the road
Vegetables and fruits
Any plant food on the road is indispensable. Vegetables, fruits and greens contain a lot of fiber, which means that the intestines are useful for working. In addition, plant products are usually rich in vitamins and trace elements that provide the body with energy and good health. In addition, such food will definitely not be a burden figure.
Potatoes very quickly quenches hunger on the road. It is rich in carbohydrates, potassium, vitamin C and some other useful substances. It is enough for a traveler to eat 200 g of potatoes, boiled in uniforms, in order to forget about hunger for a long time. In addition, this vegetable has a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in the body, and due to potassium, it removes excess fluid and salt from the tissues. An important nuance: in hot weather, boiled potatoes spoils very quickly, so it should be eaten first.
Carrots, as you know, the best vegetable for the eyes in combination with butter or sour cream. Having it with you is a huge plus for drivers-drivers. Of course, 1-2 carrots eaten behind the wheel will not radically improve vision, but they may quench hunger. In addition, studies have shown that this vegetable helps to transfer acclimatization more easily, and also strengthens the immune system.
Celery is a real storehouse of useful components, and for a traveler this vegetable is completely indispensable. To begin with. It is very juicy, which means it will not “crush”. Secondly, it has natural tonic substances that will help relieve stress, fatigue and excitement in the way. And one more pleasant bonus: scientists have proved that celery has anti.Aging properties.
Tomatoes may well compete for the title of the most useful vegetable. These fruits contain almost all vitamins and minerals necessary for a person. Many travelers love tomatoes for their juiciness and the ability to quickly quench hunger. And by the way, they received this property thanks to the rich chromium content.
It is very useful to eat tomatoes in the summer, as well.Ripe vegetables contain the substance of lycopines that protects the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays, slows down aging, prevents sunburn and wrinkles, and also promotes smooth bronze tanning.
Cucumbers are the most suitable vegetables for transportation. They can be taken with you even on the most distant road. They do not deteriorate, perfectly retain the shape, juicy and, despite the fact that they mainly consist of liquid, nutritious. On the road, cucumbers can become a good source of iodine, potassium, vitamins of group B and ascorbic acid. These vegetables are ideal for those who are afraid to gain excess weight on the road: there are components that slow down the accumulation of adipose tissue in the composition of cucumbers. And thanks to the content of sulfur, this juicy vegetable makes the hair silky, and the nails are stronger.
Citrus fruits, apples and pears. A great choice for a snack on the road. But keep in mind that you should take already washed and well.Dried fruits with you. Any of these fruits is excellently struggling with hunger. And if you worry that you can rock the road, then be sure to take sour apples with you. At the first symptoms of the sea disease, a slice of sour fruit should be echoed and hold it slightly in the mouth.
Banans are already a classic choice of everyone who goes on the road. And there is a reason in this. This exotic fruit is a rich source of calories, so it quickly eliminates hunger. In addition, it contains a lot of potassium, so it can serve as a good natural medicine against heartburn. Thanks to the Triptofan amino acid, bananas can improve mood, give strength and vigor, so many drivers like to eat these fruits at night. Tip: if you have to travel in hot weather, choose slightly unripe fruits. On the road they will not spoil so quickly.
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Eggs and cheese
Screwed eggs. A nutritious and practical snack on the road. They will not take up much space in the road bag, but will provide the body with all the most important nutrients. Boiled eggs are a set of proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals, thanks to which the product receives excellent nutritional properties. It is interesting that in the composition of chicken eggs there are substances that improve mental functions, and also activate the areas of the brain that are responsible for the brightness of the impressions.
Boiled eggs should not be taken on the road to people prone to allergies, as well as people with gallbladder diseases. It should also be understood that in the heat this product loses freshness after 4-5 hours. You must always remember this, planning a program of snacks on the way.
Cheese is the only product from the dairy group that is safe to take on the road for a snack. 200 g of the product contains almost 60% of the daily protein norm, and in terms of nutritional characteristics, such a piece of cheese corresponds to approximately 2 liters of whole milk. Note: In the heat, cheese can lose a little shape (how strongly, it depends on the product of the product), so it is more advisable to prepare sandwiches in advance.
Dry fruits and nuts
Nuts and dried fruits. A nutritious snack on a trip. Dried fruits are rich in carbohydrates, and nuts and useful fats. But before throwing a package with such a snack in the bag, the products must be prepared for the journey. Peel the nuts in advance and rest in a baking sheet or pan. It is important to pour dried fruits before transportation with boiling water and dry well. Note: Nuts belong to strong allergens and can cause an unwanted reaction on the road.
Fish and meat
You can often hear that meat and fish cannot be taken on the road. These products actually belong to rapidly spoiling, but not all. You just need to know what kind of fish and meat you can take on the road.
The meat on the road can be cooked independently. For example, bake chicken or veal in the oven. Almost everyone loves such a delicacy, besides, it perfectly saturates the body with everything necessary for the traveler. But it should be noted that baked meat without a refrigerator is not stored for long. After 4 hours on the way it is no better not to use it, since there is a high risk of poisoning.
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Croats and pasta
Sweets are especially relevant outside the city if you have children. Choose cookies and condensed milk. They can be kept for several months without a refrigerator. For cookies, select a dry place, protected from light. Buy condensed milk at a tin can, condensed milk in plastic jars should only be stored in the cold. It is important to remember that after opening the can of condensed milk, it must be put in a refrigerator chamber.
Of course it is possible, but not all cities are equipped with such a service. I usually take small cookies, myself turboslim bars. So as not to crush strongly, I buy them on a phytomarket. So cheaper and you can get to the action.
To go out, but you can also not bother with all sorts of food delivery services there and fly by plane, since someone is not sorry to spend money on this service, it is not known that they will also pay there and pay for delivery.
Cool, thanks for the ideas! We drive a car from Prague to Rimini with children. I just want to eat in all sorts of special equipped places. Romance!