Hier hcx-5cdpw2 electric stove connection for two phases
Connecting an induction cooktop to the mains is not fundamentally different from installing a conventional hob, to make sure of this, here are the step-by-step instructions. Consider how to connect the induction panel to the mains supply.
Power cords come in two varieties: three-core, an early version, and four-core, a newer version. To connect the recessed panel, you need to buy a power cord that will match your power outlet in the kitchen.
Open the cover to connect. Look for a rectangle on the back of the panel, closed by a metal plate. Unscrew it using a screwdriver.
After removing the back cover, you need to find the appliance terminals. First, insert the cable clamp into the hole. Hold the cord with the plate. This is to prevent the wire from falling out. Then put the cable through the cable clamp. Do not tighten the screws yet.
Right above the hole you need to find the wires. If you connect an old-style induction hob, there should be three wires, if a new model, there will be four wires: two phase, one neutral and one ground.
The neutral terminal is located in the center, the phase wires are on either side of it, and the ground terminal is at the bottom. Before you start connecting the wires, you need to check that there is a copper jumper that connects the neutral and ground wires. If you find it, just disconnect it.
Align the wires with the terminals. Connecting the cable to the panel is done by the brown phase wire, the neutral wire is blue, and the yellow-green ground wire.
To connect the wires, you will need to unscrew the screws of the terminal connection and install the wire in its place.
First make the ground connection, this is the yellow-green wire. Then connect the neutral wire (blue). After that, connect the brown phase wire to one of the two phase terminals. Between the two phase terminals, install the copper jumper, which we removed from the neutral wire. This connection is suitable for apartments where the supply voltage of 220 V is used. Tighten the screws fixing the supply cable.
Check the strength of all connections, otherwise the circuit breaker will not hold and you will need to repair not only the terminal block of the induction panel, but also the entire wiring.
After connecting, check whether the power cable is stretched, it should not hang, but it should not be overstretched either.
After connecting the power cable and supply voltage to it, turn on the panel and check its performance, according to the passport data.
For proper operation and convenient control of the induction hob uses an electronic control system, unlike the gas cooktop, where the adjustment is made by turning the mechanical stopcock. This solution is quite convenient and functional. It is possible to monitor in real time the mode of each cooking sector of the panel.
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How to connect an induction stove. helpful tips
When you buy a new induction hob, you should not rush to plug it into one of the free outlets. In this case, first of all it is necessary to determine the possibility of connecting this household appliance to a particular section of the electrical wiring and choose the best way to connect it. Consider how to connect an induction stove.
It should be noted that before you buy an induction stove, you must clarify what the load limit is for the apartment (house) and assess the possibility of operating an induction stove, taking into account its maximum power consumption.
How to connect an induction stove
Table-top induction stoves are generally designed with a cord and plug for connection to a normal household socket. That is, in this case there is no need to buy an additional cord and plug to connect the appliance. But in this case it is very important to choose the right socket for switching on the electric stove.
Very often a mistake is made. They plug the hob into one of the free sockets without taking into account its carrying capacity, i.e. the amount of the load that can be switched into the socket.
At best, one of the circuit breakers in the switchboard will trip. As a consequence of an overload in one part of the electrical wiring. But in the absence of proper wiring protection, for example, in the case of connecting several lines of electrical wiring to one circuit breaker, overloading will cause damage to the electrical wiring.
Before you can operate your stove, you must therefore find out the maximum power rating of the appliance and check that it can be inserted into one of the sockets available. The power consumption is stated in watts (W) or kilowatts (kW) in the data sheet on the hob and in the technical specifications in the instruction manual for the appliance.
Remember that a normal household socket outlet is required for domestic appliances with a maximum rating of 3.5 kW, which corresponds to a 16A load current. In other words, if the power consumption of an electric stove does not exceed this value, it can be plugged into this socket.
Next, make sure that the wiring section that supplies the socket can withstand the load of the induction hob. How do I know this?
First it is necessary to clarify what cable is connected to the socket and how it is connected to the rest of the household electrical wiring. The cable supplying the socket must have a cross section of at least 2.5 kV. mm.
If the cable is connected directly in the home switchboard, then such a line for trimmer wiring can withstand the current of a household socket, to protect such a line of electrical wiring, you can install a circuit breaker of the required rating. This is the most preferable solution in terms of reliability.
The second common option. the cable that feeds the socket is connected in the junction box. In this case it is necessary to consider the loads of other sockets connected to this junction box.
The cable that goes from the main switchboard to the junction box must be able to withstand the total load of the outlets powered from it. Therefore, if the load of the induction hob is going to be an overload for that section of the electrical wiring, another socket with an appropriate load capacity should be selected for it.
Secondly, the technical condition of the wiring must be assessed. If the wiring is in poor technical condition, it may be damaged when a new load is switched on. How to check the electrical wiring in an apartment). In this case attention should be paid to the condition of the cable, in particular its insulation.
It is preferable cable with copper conductors, but if the house is installed old aluminum wiring, the high likelihood that such cable can not withstand the load.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the state of electric wiring connections in the place of cable connection in the house switchboard, socket, as well as intermediate connections in the junction box.
Do not use extension cords and tees to plug in the induction stove. To operate your induction stove safely, it must be grounded, that is, plugged into an outlet with a working ground.
Also note the state of the power socket. If the plug of the electrical appliance does not make good contact with the sockets of the socket, then such a socket must necessarily be replaced.
Connection of induction hob
The induction hob has a higher power rating and is not plugged into an ordinary household socket but into a power socket capable of drawing more than 16A.
The power socket to connect the induction hob is chosen according to its load. The total load of an induction hob can be on average 25-32A, depending on the number and power of the burners.
To power the induction hob in this case must be laid individual line to trim the electrical wiring. The cross-section of the cable depends on the load of the induction stove: for a current of 25 A, a copper cable with a cross-section of 4 kV. mm, for a load of 32 A. 6 kV. mm.
For safe operation of the induction hob, the electrical wiring must have a working protective grounding. That is, for a single-phase system, a three-core cable must be installed to connect the induction hob. Accordingly, the power socket and plug set to be purchased must also have a third grounding contact.
If it is not possible to buy a power outlet of the required power, as an alternative, you can connect the induction cooktop to the terminal block installed in the wiring box. The terminal block must be able to withstand the rated current of the induction hob to be connected to it.
How to Connect an Induction Cooker. helpful hints
When purchasing a new induction hob, you should not rush to connect it to one of the free outlets. In this case, it is first necessary to determine the possibility of connecting this household appliance to a particular section of the electrical wiring and choose the best way to connect it. Let’s see how to connect the induction hob.
It should be noted that before you buy an induction stove, it is necessary to clarify what the load limit is defined for the apartment (house) and assess the possibility of operating an induction stove, taking into account its maximum power consumption.
Plugging in a tabletop induction hob
Table-top induction hob, as a rule, is structurally equipped with a cord and plug for connection to an ordinary household socket. That is, in this case, there is no need to buy an additional cord and plug to connect the electrical appliance. But in this case, it is very important to choose the right socket to turn on the electric stove.
It is very common to make the mistake of. Plugging an electric stove into one of the free sockets without taking into account its load capacity, i.e. the amount of load that is allowed to be plugged into a given socket.
At best, one of the circuit breakers in the electrical switchboard will be tripped. As a consequence of an overload in one part of the electric wiring. But if the wiring is not properly protected, for example if several lines are connected to a single circuit breaker, overloading will damage the wiring.
Consequently, before using an electric stove, you must know its maximum power consumption and make sure that the appliance can be plugged into one of the available outlets. The power consumption is stated in watts (W) or kilowatts (kW) on the rating plate on the stove and in the operating instructions for the appliance.
It should be remembered that a normal household socket outlet is designed for switching household appliances with a rated capacity of not more than 3.5 kW, which corresponds to a load current of 16A. That is, if the power consumption of an electric stove does not exceed this value, it can be plugged into this socket.
Next, make sure that the section of electrical wiring supplying the socket in question can withstand the load of the induction hob. How to find out?
First, you must clarify which cable is connected to the socket and how it connects to the rest of the household wiring. The cable feeding the socket must have a cross section of at least 2.5 kV. mm.
If the cable is connected directly in the home switchboard, then such a line for trimmer wiring can withstand the current of the household socket, to protect such a line of electrical wiring, you can install a circuit breaker of the required rating. This is the preferred method in terms of reliability.
The second common option is that the cable that supplies the socket is connected in a junction box. In this case, you need to consider the loads of other outlets connected to this junction box.
The cable which goes from the main switchboard to the junction box, must withstand the total load of the sockets fed from it. So if the load of the induction hob is going to be an overload for that particular section of the electric installation, another socket with an appropriate loading capacity should be selected to switch it on.
Secondly, the technical condition of the electrical wiring should be assessed. If the electrical installation is in an unsatisfactory condition it can be damaged when you switch on a new load (see “Installing an electrical socket outlet” on page 31). How to carry out an inspection of the electrical wiring in an apartment). In this case, pay attention to the condition of the cable, in particular its insulation.
Cables with copper conductors are preferable, but if the house has old aluminum wiring it is highly probable that the cable can not withstand the load.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the condition of the contact wiring connections at the place of cable connection in the home switchboard, socket, as well as intermediate contact connections in the junction box.
Do not use extension cords or tees to plug in the induction hob. To use the induction hob safely, it must be earthed, that is, plugged into a socket with a working ground connection.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the condition of the socket. If the plug of an electrical appliance does not make good contact with the sockets of the socket, the socket must necessarily be replaced.
Connecting the induction hob
Induction hob has a high power, it is not plugged into an ordinary household socket, but into a power socket designed for a current greater than 16A.
The power socket to connect the induction hob is selected according to its load. The total load of the induction hob can be an average of 25-32 amps, depending on the number and power of the burners.
To power the induction hob in this case must be laid individual line to trim the electrical wiring. Cross-section of the cable depends on the load of the induction hob: for a current of 25 A, you must lay a copper cable cross-section of 4 kV. mm, for a load of 32 A. 6 kV. mm.
The electrical installation must have a working protective earth to ensure the induction hob is operated safely. That is, for a single-phase system, a three-wire cable must be used to connect the induction hob. Accordingly, the power socket and plug kit to be purchased must also have a third grounding contact.
If it is not possible to purchase a power socket with the required capacity, an alternative is to connect the induction hob to a terminal block installed in the mounting box. The terminal block must be able to withstand the rated current of the induction hob to be connected to it.
How to Connect an Induction Cooker with an Oven
The process of connecting an induction hob with an oven is no different from connecting a single induction hob. The only difference is the high power consumption, because in addition to the induction hob added to the power of the oven. Accordingly, it is necessary to choose the correct cross section of cable, as well as a set of power socket and plug to connect the electric stove to the mains.
There are types of induction stoves with an oven that provide for limiting the maximum power consumption by turning off one of the burners when operating the oven. It is possible to operate all the burners of an induction hob at the same time, but when the oven is turned on, the ability to turn on one burner is blocked. This option is most suitable for homes with a limited power limit, which does not allow the operation of sufficiently powerful electric stoves.
How to connect an induction hob correctly. Diagrams, selection of cables, outlets, circuit breakers.
When connecting the hob can be faced with problems that make you think not only the average user, but also an experienced electrician:
Consider in detail all of these points further. But first let’s define the possible additional purchases. To connect the hob you will need the following material:
Firstly, note that the stove hob must be connected in a separate supply line directly from the switchboard. Do not connect it to an existing electrical outlet in the kitchen or to an already installed socket.
The cable must be three-core and copper, and what brand VVGNG-Ls or NYM to decide for yourself. Which cable is better and how they differ in detail you can read in the article “4 differences between NYM and VVGNG-Ls.
The most important thing is to choose the right cross section. Code of Regulations SP31-110-2003 compiled on the basis of GOST and PUE states that the stove section should choose a minimum of 6mm2.
But apparently here we are talking about pre-installation of wiring in the apartment, when you do not know how much power the hob will be installed. That’s why a cross section of 6mm2 should be taken into account at the outset, sufficient for connecting most existing models.
If your power is less than 7kW, and you are sure that in the future you will not buy a new more power-consuming stove, you can be guided by the following table:
And what to do if the cable is already laid (VVGng-Ls 32.5mm2), but it turned out to be a smaller cross section than needed for the maximum possible power of the hob (7.2kW). It is neither possible nor desirable to rewire the walls.
In this case, you can protect yourself in two ways, though you have to accept the fact that you can not use all the power of the panel:
That is, if you do not know what kind of cooking surface you will have, feel free to put 6mm2. Only keep in mind that low-power hobs have small terminal blocks, not designed for 6mm2. And correctly, it is not always convenient to connect such a wire directly, you can break the clamp.
Obligatory condition for the installation of the hob and oven. is the connection of these devices through RCD, or a differential circuit breaker with a leakage current of 30mA.
Simple circuit breakers can not provide protection in case of damaged insulation and leakage on the housing.
- In the switchboard, the phase wire of the cable (normally brown, gray or other colors except blue and yellow-green are chosen for the phase) is connected to the lower terminal of the fuse box without marking N or with the number 2
If you do not intend to lead the cable directly into the hob, then you have to install a separate socket under it.
Using a plug is more convenient in terms of maintenance and operation of the hob.
For example, the panel must be de-energized when wet cleaning. If you do not have an outlet, have to run to the panel twice and turn off the circuit breaker. And this way you pull the plug, wipe the surface and plug it back in.
The socket should be installed at a convenient height. Recommended distance from the floor. up to 90cm.
In this case it is not allowed that the socket is at the same level as the stove hob. It would be best to place it to the right or left of the appliance.
If you want to install an oven next to the oven, the socket outlet must be below the level of the oven. Usually this distance is at the level of the kitchen legs.
You also can not do too close to the floor, keep in mind the likelihood of flooding and plumbing leaks!
What socket to take? With a low-power hob to 3.5 kW (usually two-burner), you can connect everything through Euro-socket and the corresponding plug.
In addition, if you originally took a cable 36mm2, then lead it to the pins of the plug will be a big problem. It is therefore preferable to use a special plug and socket for stoves rated up to 40A.
How to connect a stove with 4 wires
Induction hob is easy to connect. Of course, there are nuances of connection, for appliances with different numbers of wires. Let’s talk again about the main points of this kind of work.
Tips for connecting an induction hob:
- Determine how many conductors you have in your apartment.
- Open the access panel on the back of the hob. Unscrew its lid with a screwdriver. Locate the terminals.
- If necessary, combine the wires into the required number of groups. Phases are combined into one group, neutrals into another, and earth must be run separately.
- Next, connect the wires of the panel to the appropriate contacts of the plug.
Connecting induction cooktops, compared to gas cooktops, is a completely uncomplicated task. Due to the fact that these models do not have a burner, you can use them without fear for their safety.
Hooking up your induction hob by yourself
Which of the connection methods we describe you will have to use depends on the type of panel and the type of wiring. If you are not confident in your abilities, it is better to entrust such work to electricians.
How to connect a hansa induction cooktop
If you buy a freestanding electric cooktop, in most cases you can simply plug it in. But many people do not buy a complete set, but only the top part of it. the cooktop.
We propose to consider how to connect your own hands cooktop Electrolux (Electrolux), Zanussi, Bosch (Bosch), Gorenje, Hansa, Samsung (Samsung), Siemens, Ariston and others, as well as the cost of such connection in specialized companies.
If the panel behaves abnormally after the first start-up, e.g. if it switches off and on by itself, do not immediately worry about faulty switching. Perhaps the protection against children is set on the stove. It happens that water spilled on the sensors causes malfunctions. The same happens when starting a cold stove in a warm room.
Modern cooktops have a cookware recognition function. They simply do not turn on unless there is a metal object on the burner.
There are also cases of operation of protection. For example, when you connect three-phase hobs to a regular socket, some of the burners do not turn on (H is displayed).
Advice on how to avoid problems is fairly expected. Before you connect the device, you should carefully study its passport and all the recommendations of the manufacturer. With careless installation or improperly calculated power system, the following problems occur.
- Overheating with the risk of fire when using conventional 16A outlets for stoves with a power greater than 3.5 kw.
- Incorrect protection system, the risk of short circuits and overheating of the wiring. For example, installing only a simple circuit breaker without a RCD.
- Danger of short circuits and fire if cable cross-section is incorrectly sized, such as connecting a 7 kW stove with wire 2.5 kV.mm.
- Switching the panel power line directly into the junction box in the kitchen.
To summarize, we would like to note that the installation of the hob is connected with electricity, so when installing it, you will need certain skills. The competent connection also affects the safety of people. If there are the slightest doubts, it is better to entrust the connection of the equipment to a professional craftsman. The same rule applies to troubleshooting induction stoves. Repair with your own hands is possible only if you have the appropriate knowledge and experience in repairing equipment.